德语最常用动词介词组合列表 | Liste (reflexive) Verben mit Präpositionen

德语里由动词来决定后面接第三格还是第四格。有些动词则需要接特定的介词,此时后面是三格还是四格由介词决定。这些动介词搭配(有些是反身动词)应该牢牢记住!
Die Verben bestimmen Dativ oder Akkusativ. Manche Verben haben aber eine fixe Präpsition, die Dativ oder Akkusativ bestimmmen. Diese (manchmal auch reflexiven) Verben mit Präposition muss man gut lernen!

德语最常用动词介词组合列表
Auswahl der gebräuchlichsten Verben mit Präpositionen

  • abhängen von + Dat.
  • achten auf + Akk.
  • anfangen mit + Dat.
  • sich anpassen an + Akk.
  • sich ärgern über + Akk.
  • sich bedanken bei + Dat./ für + Akk.
  • (sich) befreien von + Dat., aus + Dat.
  • beginnen mit + Dat.
  • sich beklagen bei + Dat./ über + Akk.
  • sich bemühen um + Akk.
  • berichten von + Dat., über + Akk.
  • (sich) beschäftigen mit + Dat.
  • sich beschweren bei + Dat./ über + Akk.
  • sich bewerben um + Akk.
  • bitten um + Akk.
  • bürgen für + Akk.
  • danken für + Akk.
  • denken an + Dat.
  • sich entschuldigen bei + Dat./ für + Akk.
  • (sich) erinnern an + Dat.
  • erkennen + an + Dat.
  • sich erkundigen bei + Dat./ nach + Dat.
  • fragen nach + Dat.
  • sich freuen auf + Akk., über + Akk.
  • sich fürchten vor + Dat.
  • garantieren für + Akk.
  • gehören zu + Dat.
  • gehen um + Akk.
  • geraten in + Akk., unter + Akk.
  • (sich) gewöhnen an + Akk.
  • glauben an + Akk.
  • halten für + Akk., von + Dat.
  • sich handeln um + Akk.
  • helfen bei + Dat.
  • herrschen über + Akk.
  • hoffen auf + Akk.
  • sich interessieren für + Akk.
  • sich irren in + Dat.
  • kämpfen mit + Dat./ gegen + Akk./ für + Akk.
  • ankommen auf + Akk.
  • sich konzentrieren auf + Akk.
  • sich kümmern um + Akk.
  • lachen über + Akk.
  • leiden an + Dat., unter + Dat.
  • liegen an + Dat.
  • nachdenken über + Akk.
  • protestieren gegen + Akk.
  • sich rächen an + Dat./ für + Akk.
  • raten zu + Dat.
  • rechnen auf + Akk., mit + Dat.
  • reden mit + Dat./ über + Akk.
  • riechen nach + Akk.
  • schreiben an + Dat., an + Akk., über + Akk.
  • (sich) schützen vor + Dat.
  • sich sehnen nach + Dat.
  • (sich) sorgen um + Akk., für + Akk.
  • sprechen mit + Dat./ über + Akk./ von + Dat.
  • staunen über + Akk.
  • sterben an + Dat., für + Akk.
  • sich streiten mit + Dat./ um + Akk.
  • teilnehmen an + Dat.
  • träumen von + Dat.
  • zu tun haben mit + Dat.
  • sich unterhalten mit + Dat./ über + Akk.
  • sich verlassen auf + Akk.
  • sich verlieben in + Akk.
  • sich vertiefen in + Akk.
  • vertrauen auf + Akk.
  • verzichten auf + Akk.
  • (sich) vorbereiten auf + Akk.
  • warnen vor + Dat.
  • warten auf + Akk.
  • sich wundern über + Akk.
  • zweifeln an + Dat.

via Liste Verben mit Präpositionen + reflexive Verben mit Präpositionen.

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